Air quality is the term used to refer to how polluted the air currently is or how polluted it may become. Government agencies use the Air Quality Index as a way to test air quality so they can determine the pollution present in the air. Air quality differs in countries. This is all dependent on how much or how little their air is polluted. Shanghai, China for example has air conditions that are regularly referred to as unhealthy due to the presence of smog and/or smoke.
Air Quality Index is a process that is mostly delegated to government agencies because of how long it takes. To properly test the quality of air, there needs to be a consistent and most importantly steady monitor or model collecting information on the levels of pollution. There also needs to be some sort of level of pollution otherwise there would be no average or sufficient information for a proper Air Quality Index.
While most of us will not have to worry about the general air quality or have a lot of power over it, we can focus on the air quality in our home. We spend a
lot of time indoors, in our homes, offices and schools therefore it is important that the air quality is as pure as possible. Air pollutants are subtle and most of us do not recognize them until they are severe. Air pollutants can cause sore eyes, headaches, respiratory illnesses if there are preexisting issues like asthma, tiredness, and uncomfortable sensations in the nose as well the throat.
Some of the common air pollutants we may encounter indoors include;
- Dust mites
Some of the more dangerous pollutants present outdoors in varying degrees are;
- Sulfur Dioxide
- Carbon Monoxide
- Nitrogen Dioxide
- Ground-Level Ozone
A more in-depth analysis of these pollutants and where you can find them can be found here.
Importance Of Good Air Quality
It is impossible to stress the importance of good air quality. Good air quality holds many benefits
- Reduced chances of respiratory illnesses
- Reduced chances of nose and throat illnesses
- Clearer skin
- Better eyesight
- Reduced chances of ear infections
- All-round better quality of life.
How to improve Air Quality
- The first way to improve your air quality is to reduce the levels of pollution in your home and office. It needs to be kept clean and well ventilated so there is a lower chance of mold growing.
- If you have heaters or air conditioners their filters must be cleaned regularly because dust and dirt tend to gather around the filter.
- If you or anyone in your home smokes, do not allow smoking indoors.
- The windows should be cleaned regularly
How to Test Air Quality
- You can install a carbon monoxide alarm in your home or office. If you live in a sensitive area this could be extremely helpful.
- You can purchase an indoor air quality monitor to monitor the air regularly.
- Purchase an Air Purifier
- Finally, you can contact a professional however this should only be reserved for more severe situations.