Certain things in our environment tend to give us allergies. From grasses and weeds to pollens released in the air you can also get an allergic reaction from pets it could also be due to dust, food and fungi in the environment. These allergies are called environmental allergies. Allergies are usually immune responses to something or somethings in our environment whether by taking the substance in or being around it. These substances that cause environmental allergies are called allergens.
There are a couple of signs and symptoms that are pretty hard to miss when you are having an allergic reaction. For instance, there are a lot of nasal symptoms such as runny nose, sneezing, stuffy nose, and itching. Allergies can not only affect the nose but affects the eyes as well. Symptoms such as itching, eye redness, watering and also swelling. You can also get a rash on your skin as a symptom of a reaction.
There are so many ways you can treat allergies and some of them include:
1.MEDICATIONS: when you realize you are having allergies or allergic reactions to something it is advisable to go see a doctor for proper prescription of medication that will help control or eradicate the symptoms such as itching, rashes, swelling and runny nose that come with the allergic reaction. Medications such as Antihistamines that come in both oral and tropical forms helps with these symptoms. Another effective medication is the Nasal spray. It helps with the swelling in your nose and any other allergic symptoms you may be having in your nose. Washing your nose with salt water can also serve as an effective source of medicationon. It rids you of any allergen sitting in your nasal tissue and it also helps clear out congestion.
2.AVOIDANCE: it is advisable and also recommended to stay away or avoid close contact with environmental allergens to prevent your allergic reactions from going spiral although it is almost impossible for that to happen. But the moment you are aware of what environmental allergens cause your allergic reactions, it is best to avoid them.
3.IMMUNOTHERAPY: Immunotherapy also known as allergy shots usually used for patients who have allergic reactions that are difficult to control with medications or patients who no longer find proper relief from their allergic reactions after taking medications. Even as this can be considered as a medical alternative, the patient should first discuss it with his or her doctor before starting immunotherapy.
Once you start to notice an allergic reaction due to environmental allergens, it is advisable for you to see a professional also known as an allergist. You need to be fully informed about your medical and family history so the allergist can use it along with your allergy test result to identify the allergens responsible for your symptoms. Once the doctor is able to identify this, he or she can then administer or prescribe the right medication for you to use.