A rainforest is an area of tall, mostly evergreentrees and a high amount of rainfall.
Rainforests are often considered as the Earth’s oldest living ecosystems. Some of them survive for at least 70million years. Rainforests are usually very sophisticated and very eclectic. There is said to be a whole lot of plants and animal species. The rainforest is said to cover about 6% of the earth’s surface. It is also known for its highly dense nature consisting of 1500 flowering plants, 400 species of birds and 750 species of trees.
Rainforests do very well on every continent with the exception of Antarctica. South America and the Congo River in Africa are said to have the largest rainforest on earth.
Rainforests’ efficient presence is of great importance to our well-being and to that of our planet. It controls or oversees our climate and gives us the bet of everyday products.
THE RAINFOREST STRUCTURE AND LAYERS
This is also known as the first or the top layer of the rainforest. On this layer, it is endowed with trees as tall as 200 feet. The tree trunks are often seen with leafage sparsed on them. The trees are so very tall they do not need to struggle so hard for sunlight, in order for photosynthesis to take place as they subjugate the skyline.
Animals in the rainforest usually conspire their way through the first layer of the rainforest by climbing, flying, or swinging on the tree trunks for mobility through the forest. Animals such as bats, monkeys, birds.
The canopy layer is the second layer of the rainforest coming after and beneath the emergent layer of the forest. This layer is considered deep of about 20 feet thick, making it quite dense in nature connecting various leaves and branches forming a roof or a canopy as the name implies. The canopy layer is responsible for the curtailing or blocking the natural essentials fo plants such as sunlight and rainfall and with that, the canopy or roof formed over causes the forest to be a dark and still place.
This is known as the third layer of the rainforest. It is said to be way darker and even more humid than the canopy layer. This layer consists of plants such as palms which are shooter with larger leaves. The plants in the understory layer enjoy very little amount of sunlight. The plants on the understory layer are known to normally produce flowers that are large enough to see.
The fruits that grow on this layer are shrubs and are often edible.
FOREST FLOOR LAYER
This is the fourth and last layer of the rainforest. It is also the darkest of all the layers of the rainforest and because of that it is difficult for plants to grow and flourish there due to the lack of sunlight. The leaves that fall from the other layers above tend to decay very fast. Due to the organic residue that fall on this layer from the other layers above it, it tends to harbour a lot of composers such as worms, slugs, and fungi. These decomposers break down decaying matter into nutrients. A lot of these decomposers are usually consumed by predators.